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Shakespeare Didn't Write His Plays
#1




Other than the plays themselves, we have precious little documentary evidence about Shakespeare. Among the meager items: a few signatures, a record of his marriage to Anne Hathaway, a strange three-page will, some papers detailing business transactions totally unrelated to writing, and just two portraits. No record of his schooling. Not one single manuscript in his own hand of even a fragment of his amazing body of work.
History abhors a vacuum, especially when it’s in the form of a lack of written evidence about one of the world’s greatest writers. Although scholars desperately searched for documentation to flesh out Shakespeare’s biography in the decades after his death, they found very little, and, to make matters more confusing, much of what they found was fraudulent.
But it’s especially interesting to note that for a span of more than two centuries after his death, no one even suggested that the Shakespeare of Stratford was not the author of his own plays.
In fact, the first person to make the argument did it as a joke, as Shakespeare scholar James Shapiro points out in his book Contested Will: Who Wrote Shakespeare? In 1848, a young Lutheran scholar from Pennsylvania named Samuel Mosheim Schmucker, dismayed about the academic trend of using historical and biographical evidence to doubt the existence of Christ, argued that the same approaches could be used to argue that Shakespeare never existed. But he meant it all as a parody.
Shapiro says that Schmucker’s forgotten book, Historic Doubts Respecting Shakespeare: Illustrating Infidel Objections Against the Bible, foreshadows all the major themes of the Shakespearean doubters: the lack of documentary evidence, a distrust of disputed texts, the improbable success of an unlikely individual, and the notion that the “official” story can only be perpetuated by general ignorance and conspiracy by the establishment.

Cite: http://www.bbcamerica.com/anglophenia/20...-examined/

Whether or not Wilmot really invented the anti-Stratfordian theory, it first took off in a big way in 1857, when Delia Bacon (no relation to Francis) and William H. Smith each separately published books arguing that the works of Shakespeare were most likely written by Francis Bacon.
The two books became an immediate sensation, particularly Delia Bacon's. Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote the introduction to Bacon's book, and Mark Twain wrote that it convinced him utterly that the so-called Stratford man could not have written Shakespeare.
Over time, more and more celebrities have flocked to the anti-Stratfordian theory: Freud, Whitman, Malcolm X, Helen Keller, Orson Welles, Sir Derek Jacobi. And it’s not hard to understand why: It’s a romantic, glamorous, exciting theory filled with secret conspiracies.
The anti-Stratfordian theory is glamorous, exciting, and beloved by celebrities
William Shakespeare, the idea goes, was no one but a mediocre actor from the middle of nowhere who was paid off by someone smarter and richer and better-educated for the use of his name.
The real Shakespeare, the one who wrote the plays, was brilliant philosopher Francis Bacon. Or it was romantic and tragic Edward de Vere, Earl of Oxford. Or it was secretly Queen Elizabeth. Or Shakespeare’s rival playwright, Christopher Marlowe. (Christopher Marlowe may also have been a spy, and some conspiracy theorists will tell you that he faked his death.

Cite: https://www.vox.com/2016/4/22/11480192/s...ontroversy

Authorship Candidate 1: Sir Francis Bacon 1561-1626
Sir Francis Bacon – the essayist, scientist and writer of New Atlantis – was the first alternative candidate proposed as the true author of Shakespeare’s plays in 1856. There is little evidence to suggest this, though what ‘evidence’ there is takes the form of some similarities in Shakespeare’s plays to his own, and the circumstantial ‘fact’ that Bacon’s Grand Tour took him to the location of several of Shakespeare’s plays. Baconians have also argued that Shakespeare’s works show a detailed scientific knowledge that, they claim, only Sir Francis Bacon would have possessed.
The idea that the two writers have similar styles was dismissed by Scott McCrea who writes, “there is no answer for Bacon’s different renderings of the same word—’politiques’ instead of ‘politicians’, or ‘submiss’ instead of the Author’s ‘submissive’, or ‘militar’ instead of the Poet’s ‘military’. These are two different writers.”

Edward de Vere
Authorship Candidate 2: Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, 1550-1604
Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford was a courtier poet. There is little strong evidence that suggests he wrote Shakespeare’s plays, but some believe there are references in both the plays and sonnets to de Vere’s life, as well as a series of codes in the writing that implicate the Earl as the author to those in the know. These theories as to who wrote Shakespeare were given weight (to some) by the film Anonymous, released in 2012.
Mainstream scholars have described the methods of Oxfordians over the years as devoid of any evidential value and subjective, suggesting double standards are used to consistently distort and misrepresent the historical record – sometimes even outright fabrication. Perhaps the ultimate evidential objection to the Oxfordian theory is de Vere’s death in 1604, after which a number of Shakespeare’s plays were written!

Christopher Marlowe
Authorship Candidate 3: Christopher Marlowe, 1564 -1593
The playwright Christopher Marlowe was writing at the same time as Shakespeare and it’s highly likely that the two had met each other. The Marlowvian theory – first presented by Wilbur Zeigler in 1895 – states that reports of Marlowe’s death in a drunken brawl on 30 May 1593 were falsified to protect him from going to prison for being an atheist. Marlovians base their theory on both some anomalies surrounding Marlowe’s reported death and on the influence which Marlowe’s works had on those of Shakespeare.
The argument against this is that Marlowe’s death was accepted as genuine by sixteen jurors at an inquest held after his death and that there is a total lack of direct evidence supporting his survival beyond 1593, and his style, imagery and vocabulary are too different to Shakespeare’s to be compatible with Marlow writing the plays.

Roger Manners
Authorship Candidate 5: Roger Manners, 5th Earl of Rutland, 1576-1612
In the early 20th century, Roger Manners the 5th Earl of Rutland was proposed as a candidate for the authorship of Shakespeare’s plays by Karl Bleibtreu, a German literary critic – later supported by a number of other authors. Manners married the daughter of the poet Philip Sydney and it is thought that the two of them together wrote the plays.
However, the biggest hole in this theory of who wrote Shakespeare’s plays is that the Earl would have been only 16 when the first of Shakespeare’s works was published in 1593 – surely too inexperienced a writer?

Cite: https://www.nosweatshakespeare.com/blog/...akespeare/

Mary Sidney Herbert, Countess of Pembroke
In the late 1500s and early 1600s, perhaps only Queen Elizabeth was a more educated and influential woman than Mary Sidney Herbert. Born into a powerful family, Herbert was a true renaissance woman. She was fluent in several languages and was an expert in medicine, law—even falconry. Most of all, she was skilled at writing and translating plays and poetry. She is best known today for founding the Wilton Circle, an important literary group, and for being one of the first women in England to publish a play.

William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby
An English nobleman with a penchant for playwriting, William Stanley served as the 6th Earl of Derby from 1594 until his death in 1642. He is best known for the travels he undertook as a young man, which saw him spend time in France, Italy, Russia, Greenland, and Egypt.
Evidence for Authorship
The Early of Derby was first proposed as a Shakespeare authorship candidate in 1891, when an archivist uncovered letters from a Jesuit spy that described Stanley as being “busy penning plays for the common players.” According to most “Derbyite” theory, passages in plays like “Love’s Labour’s Lost” are too steeped in French and European history not to have been written by someone who was intimately familiar with the goings on of the court. The well-travelled Stanley can be placed in France and Italy around the time when these pivotal events took place, and his position as a noble would’ve meant he was privy to key events that may have inspired scenes in the plays of Shakespeare. Meanwhile, characters in other Shakespeare plays have been connected to certain real life acquaintances of William Stanley, among them the occultist John Dee, who many say is the inspiration for the character of Prospero in The Tempest. According to proponents of the Earl of Derby’s authorship, the real William Shakespeare was merely a front man through whom the plays were released. Stanley was the true author, but was unable to attach his name to his work out of fear that being a published, commercial writer would sully his reputation as a nobleman.

Cite: https://www.toptenz.net/top-10-possible-...speare.php

There are of course other contenders that could be William Shakespeare. i just bought this complete works of William Shakespeare, my Mother had a copy, she was an English teacher at the University, one summer when I was bored I memorized Hamlet, so when I was at the garage sale and I saw that book, i said, To be or not to be, that is the question, whether tis nobler in mind to bear the spears and arrows of outrageous fortune, or take arms against a sea of troubles and by opposing end them.
-Sivil
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#2
Ahh yes . . .

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well ding dang . . . can ' t turn a copy up online today . . .


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#3
Yeah3 Francis Bacon was Shakespeare
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#4
He was Italian.

Shakespeare was adopted as a pseudonym by this Michelangelo Florio, born in Messina in 1564 to a couple named Giovanni Florio and Guglielma Crollalanza. The father was a Calvinist who placed the family in difficult circumstances by writing a heretical pamphlet. The son, Michelangelo, sought sanctuary in Venice, and then subsequently took flight to England, where he assumed a new name, "Shakespeare", this being an English calque on crolla(shake/collapse) and lanza(spear)
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#5
Way to go Shakespeare!
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#6
(05-23-2019, 10:04 AM)Treebeard Wrote: He was Italian.

Shakespeare was adopted as a pseudonym by this Michelangelo Florio, born in Messina in 1564 to a couple named Giovanni Florio and Guglielma Crollalanza. The father was a Calvinist who placed the family in difficult circumstances by writing a heretical pamphlet. The son, Michelangelo, sought sanctuary in Venice, and then subsequently took flight to England, where he assumed a new name, "Shakespeare", this being an English calque on crolla(shake/collapse) and lanza(spear)

Michelangelo Florio -  1dunno1 . A Stable Boy , Liar , Money Lender and Blackmail Extortionist at least . Illiterate that could hardly write His Name .

Cover for Bacon ' s "  Spear Shaker Society " , alliance against the Crowns of Europe . Clubfooted " Monster " by Law and precluded from the Throne . Sour Grapes maybe . Republican all .

Muse , "Pallas Athena" . Goddess of Wisdom , Handicraft , and War .

Running Partner , Ben Johnson among others .

" Shakespeare " , legendary scoundrel who ' s only know known Character Portrail  was as Banquoe ' s Ghost , knocking under the Stage in Macbeth . Dilettante . Lived the life of a well to do Floozy . Took 100,000 ( ? ) Pounds Sterling to portray the Role of Cover for the actual Writers circle . Splurged away His Fortune in Debauchery then attempted to Extort / Blackmail the Spear - Shakers for another 100 K , threatening to expose Them as seditious .

Ben Johnson  took Him out for a round on the Taverns and wrote , " Alas , Poor Willie . . . He ' s Dead of Late " . Put Arsenic " in the Nitwits Beer " .

Fascinating detective story and Intrigue with interference from Rockefeller by establishing Jamestown and Williams-burg Restoration Fund to keep the Bruton Vault Archive of Francis Bacon covered and reburied away from scrutiny .

HEY ! Found part of it anyway .

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Celebrating Over 30 Years as a " Designated Paper Terrorist " - I Will Stand Corrected - No Legal Advice or Recommended Course of Action Expressed or Implied

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#7
Crollalanza, literally Crolla (Shake) lancia (Speare) according to Iuvara studied abroad and was educated by Franciscan monks who taught him Latin, Greek, and history.

Because of their Calvinist beliefs, Michelangelo Florio’s family was persecuted by the Inquisition (Messina was then under the Spanish yoke) for alleged Calvinist propaganda. It seems that Giovanni Florio had published some sort of invective against Rome and the Church. The family supposedly departed Italy during the Holy Inquisition and moved to London. It was in London that Michelangelo Florio Crollalanza decided to change his name to its English equivalent.

Iuvara’s evidence includes a play written by Michelangelo Florio Crollalanza in Sicilian dialect. The play’s name is “Tanto traffico per Niente”, which can be translated into Much traffic for Nothing or Much Ado About Nothing. He also mentions a book of sayings written by a writer, one Michelangelo Crollalanza, in the sixteenth century Calvinist Northern Italy. Some of the sayings correspond to lines in Hamlet. Michelangelo’s father, Giovanni Florio, once owned a home called “Casa Otello”, built by a retired Venetian known as Otello who, in a jealous rage, murdered his wife.

In Milan, according to documents found by prof. Iuvara, Michelangelo falls in love with a 16-year-old countess belonging to the Milanese aristocracy, Giulietta. The girl’s family opposed their love, so the girl is sent to Verona (…) under the protection of the city governor. When Michelangelo reaches her there, he learns that the girl has committed suicide because of the sexual harassment of the governor, a fervent anticalvinist, who accuses Michelangelo of having murdered the girl.

After Giulietta’s death, Michelangelo Florio Crollalanza decided to flee Italy because the inquisitors had already murdered his father.
https://www.timesofsicily.com/shakespear...ollalanza/
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